In part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial, we continue our list of tips on using gerunds and infinitives. We look at ways to modify each form and learn some additional situations in which gerunds and infinitives are required.
7. Gerunds can often be modified with possessive forms such as his, her, its, your, their, our, John's, Mary's, the machine's, and so on. This makes it clearer who or what is performing the action.
I enjoyedtheir singing. They were singing.
She understoodhis saying no to the offer. He said no.
Sam resentedDebbie's coming late to the dinner. Debbie came late to the dinner.
We discussedthe machine's being broken. The machine is broken.
11. Gerunds are used after prepositions. Most commonly, these are "verb + preposition" combinations. For reference, see the Verb + Preposition Dictionary and the Phrasal Verb Dictionary. You don't have to memorize these resources, you just need to remember that gerunds are used after prepositions!