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Irregular Verbs

(Including Rare Verb Forms)

This is Englishpage.com's Extended Irregular Verb Dictionary, which contains over 470 irregular verbs including rare and antiquated forms as well as flashcards and exercises to practice those forms. To remove the rare and antiquated forms, Click Here.

List of Irregular Verbs

InfinitiveSimple PastPast Participle
A
abideabided / abodeabided
alightalighted / alitalighted / alit
arisearosearisen
awakeawakened / awokeawakened / awoken
B
backbitebackbitbackbitten
backslidebackslidbackslidden / backslid
be [ am, is, are]was, werebeen
bearboreborn / borne
beatbeatbeaten / beat
becomebecamebecome
befallbefellbefallen
begetbegat / begotbegotten
beginbeganbegun
beholdbeheldbeheld
bendbentbent
bereavebereaved / bereftbereaved / bereft
beseechbesought / beseechedbesought / beseeched
besetbesetbeset
bestrewbestrewedbestrewn / bestrewed
betbet / betted [?]bet / betted [?]
betakebetookbetaken
bethinkbethoughtbethought
bid (farewell)bid / badebidden
bid (offer amount)bidbid
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcast / broadcastedbroadcast / broadcasted
browbeatbrowbeatbrowbeaten / browbeat
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburned / burnt [?]burned / burnt [?]
burstburstburst
bustbusted / bustbusted / bust
buyboughtbought
C
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
chidechided / chidchided / chidden
choosechosechosen
clapclapped / clapt [?]clapped / clapt [?]
clingclungclung
clotheclothed / clad [?]clothed / clad [?]
colorbreedcolorbredcolorbred
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
crossbreedcrossbredcrossbred
cutcutcut
D
daredared / durstdared / durst
daydreamdaydreamed / daydreamt [?]daydreamed / daydreamt [?]
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
dightdighted / dightdighted / dight
disprovedisproveddisproved / disproven
dive (jump head-first)dove / diveddived
dive (scuba diving)dived / dovedived
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamed / dreamt [?]dreamed / dreamt [?]
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
dwelldwelt / dwelled [?]dwelt / dwelled [?]
E
eatateeaten
enwindenwoundenwound
F
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fit (tailor, change size)fitted / fit [?]fitted / fit [?]
fit (be right size)fit / fitted [?]fit / fitted [?]
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forbearforboreforborne
forbidforbadeforbidden
fordofordidfordone
forecastforecastforecast
forego (also forgo)forewentforegone
foreknowforeknewforeknown
forerunforeranforerun
foreseeforesawforeseen
foreshowforeshowedforeshown / foreshowed
forespeakforespokeforespoken
foretellforetoldforetold
forgetforgotforgotten / forgot [?]
forgiveforgaveforgiven
forsakeforsookforsaken
forswearforsworeforsworn
fraughtfraughtfraught
freezefrozefrozen
frostbitefrostbitfrostbitten
G
gainsaygainsaidgainsaid
getgotgotten / got [?]
gildgilded / giltgilded / gilt
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
H
hagridehagrodehagridden
halterbreakhalterbrokehalterbroken
hamstringhamstrunghamstrung
hand-feedhand-fedhand-fed
handwritehandwrotehandwritten
hanghunghung
hang (kill by hanging)hanged / hunghanged / hung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
heaveheaved / hoveheaved / hove
hewhewedhewn / hewed
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
I
inbreedinbredinbred
inlayinlaidinlaid
inputinput / inputtedinput / inputted
insetinsetinset
interbreedinterbredinterbred
intercutintercutintercut
interlayinterlaidinterlaid
intersetintersetinterset
interweaveinterwove / interweavedinterwoven / interweaved
interwindinterwoundinterwound
inweaveinwove / inweavedinwoven / inweaved
J
jerry-buildjerry-builtjerry-built
K
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt / kneeledknelt / kneeled
knitknitted / knitknitted / knit
knowknewknown
L
ladeladedladen / laded
landslidelandslidlandslid
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleaned / leant [?]leaned / leant [?]
leapleaped / leapt [?]leaped / leapt [?]
learnlearned / learnt [?]learned / learnt [?]
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
lie (not tell truth) REGULARliedlied
lightlit / lightedlit / lighted
lip-readlip-readlip-read
loselostlost
M
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
misbecomemisbecamemisbecome
miscastmiscastmiscast
miscutmiscutmiscut
misdealmisdealtmisdealt
misdomisdidmisdone
mishearmisheardmisheard
mishitmishitmishit
mislaymislaidmislaid
misleadmisledmisled
mislearnmislearned / mislearnt [?]mislearned / mislearnt [?]
misreadmisreadmisread
missaymissaidmissaid
missendmissentmissent
missetmissetmisset
misspeakmisspokemisspoken
misspellmisspelled / misspelt [?]misspelled / misspelt [?]
misspendmisspentmisspent
misswearmissworemissworn
mistakemistookmistaken
misteachmistaughtmistaught
mistellmistoldmistold
misthinkmisthoughtmisthought
misunderstandmisunderstoodmisunderstood
miswearmisworemisworn
miswedmiswed / misweddedmiswed / miswedded
miswritemiswrotemiswritten
mowmowedmowed / mown
N
No irregular verbs beginning with "N."
O
offsetoffsetoffset
outbidoutbidoutbid
outbreedoutbredoutbred
outdooutdidoutdone
outdrawoutdrewoutdrawn
outdrinkoutdrankoutdrunk
outdriveoutdroveoutdriven
outfightoutfoughtoutfought
outflyoutflewoutflown
outgrowoutgrewoutgrown
outlayoutlaidoutlaid
outleapoutleaped / outleapt [?]outleaped / outleapt [?]
outlie (not tell truth) REGULARoutliedoutlied
outputoutput / outputtedoutput / outputted
outrideoutrodeoutridden
outrunoutranoutrun
outseeoutsawoutseen
outselloutsoldoutsold
outshineoutshined / outshone [?]outshined / outshone [?]
outshootoutshotoutshot
outsingoutsangoutsung
outsitoutsatoutsat
outsleepoutsleptoutslept
outsmelloutsmelled / outsmelt [?]outsmelled / outsmelt [?]
outspeakoutspokeoutspoken
outspeedoutspedoutsped
outspendoutspentoutspent
outspinoutspunoutspun
outspringoutsprang / outsprungoutsprung
outstandoutstoodoutstood
outswearoutsworeoutsworn
outswimoutswamoutswum
outtellouttoldouttold
outthinkoutthoughtoutthought
outthrowoutthrewoutthrown
outwearoutworeoutworn
outwindoutwoundoutwound
outwriteoutwroteoutwritten
overbearoverboreoverborne / overborn
overbidoverbidoverbid
overbreedoverbredoverbred
overbuildoverbuiltoverbuilt
overbuyoverboughtoverbought
overcastovercastovercast
overcomeovercameovercome
overcutovercutovercut
overdooverdidoverdone
overdrawoverdrewoverdrawn
overdrinkoverdrankoverdrunk
overeatoverateovereaten
overfeedoverfedoverfed
overhangoverhungoverhung
overhearoverheardoverheard
overlayoverlaidoverlaid
overleapoverleaped / overleapt [?]overleaped / overleapt [?]
overlieoverlayoverlain
overpayoverpaidoverpaid
overrideoverrodeoverridden
overrunoverranoverrun
overseeoversawoverseen
overselloversoldoversold
oversetoversetoverset
oversewoversewedoversewn / oversewed
overshootovershotovershot
oversleepoversleptoverslept
oversowoversowedoversown / oversowed
overspeakoverspokeoverspoken
overspendoverspentoverspent
overspilloverspilled / overspilt [?]overspilled / overspilt [?]
overspinoverspunoverspun
overspreadoverspreadoverspread
overspringoversprang / oversprung / oversprung
overstandoverstoodoverstood
overstrewoverstrewedoverstrewn / overstrewed
overstrideoverstrodeoverstridden
overstrikeoverstruckoverstruck
overtakeovertookovertaken
overthinkoverthoughtoverthought
overthrowoverthrewoverthrown
overwearoverworeoverworn
overwindoverwoundoverwound
overwriteoverwroteoverwritten
P
partakepartookpartaken
paypaidpaid
pleadpleaded / pledpleaded / pled
prebuildprebuiltprebuilt
predopredidpredone
premakepremadepremade
prepayprepaidprepaid
presellpresoldpresold
presetpresetpreset
preshrinkpreshrankpreshrunk
presplitpresplitpresplit
proofreadproofreadproofread
proveprovedproven / proved
putputput
Q
quick-freezequick-frozequick-frozen
quitquit / quitted [?]quit / quitted [?]
R
readread (sounds like "red") read (sounds like "red")
reawakereawokereawaken
rebidrebidrebid
rebindreboundrebound
rebroadcastrebroadcast / rebroadcastedrebroadcast / rebroadcasted
rebuildrebuiltrebuilt
recastrecastrecast
recutrecutrecut
redealredealtredealt
redoredidredone
redrawredrewredrawn
reevereeved / rovereeved / rove
refit (replace parts)refit / refitted [?]refit / refitted [?]
refit (retailor)refitted / refit [?]refitted / refit [?]
regrindregroundreground
regrowregrewregrown
rehangrehungrehung
rehearreheardreheard
reknitreknitted / reknitreknitted / reknit
relay (for example tiles)relaidrelaid
relay (pass along) REGULARrelayedrelayed
relearnrelearned / relearnt [?]relearned / relearnt [?]
relightrelit / relightedrelit / relighted
remakeremaderemade
rendrent / rendedrent / rended
repayrepaidrepaid
rereadrereadreread
rerunreranrerun
resellresoldresold
resendresentresent
resetresetreset
resewresewedresewn / resewed
retakeretookretaken
reteachretaughtretaught
retearretoreretorn
retellretoldretold
rethinkrethoughtrethought
retreadretreadretread
retrofitretrofitted / retrofit [?]retrofitted / retrofit [?]
rewakerewoke / rewakedrewaken / rewaked
rewearreworereworn
reweaverewove / reweavedrewoven / reweaved
rewedrewed / reweddedrewed / rewedded
rewetrewet / rewetted [?]rewet / rewetted [?]
rewinrewonrewon
rewindrewoundrewound
rewriterewroterewritten
ridridrid
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
riverivedriven / rived
roughcastroughcastroughcast
runranrun
S
sand-castsand-castsand-cast
sawsawedsawed / sawn
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
self-feedself-fedself-fed
self-sowself-sowedself-sown / self-sowed
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewn / sewed
shakeshookshaken
shaveshavedshaved / shaven
shearshearedsheared / shorn
shedshedshed
shineshined / shone [?]shined / shone [?]
shitshit / shat / shittedshit / shat / shitted
shoeshoed / shodshoed / shod
shootshotshot
showshowedshown / showed
shrinkshrank / shrunkshrunk
shriveshrived / shroveshriven
shutshutshut
sight-readsight-readsight-read
singsangsung
sinksank / sunksunk
sitsatsat
skywriteskywroteskywritten
slay (kill)slew / slayedslain / slayed
slay (amuse) REGULARslayedslayed
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
slingslungslung
slinkslinked / slunkslinked / slunk
slitslitslit
smellsmelled / smelt [?]smelled / smelt [?]
smitesmotesmitten / smote
sneaksneaked / snucksneaked / snuck
sowsowedsown / sowed
speakspokespoken
speedsped / speededsped / speeded
spellspelled / spelt [?]spelled / spelt [?]
spendspentspent
spillspilled / spilt [?]spilled / spilt [?]
spinspunspun
spitspit / spatspit / spat
splitsplitsplit
spoilspoiled / spoilt [?]spoiled / spoilt [?]
spoon-feedspoon-fedspoon-fed
spreadspreadspread
springsprang / sprungsprung
stall-feedstall-fedstall-fed
stand stoodstood
stavestaved / stovestaved / stove
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstungstung
stinkstunk / stankstunk
strewstrewedstrewn / strewed
stridestrodestridden
strike (delete)struckstricken
strike (hit)struckstruck / stricken
stringstrungstrung
stripstripped / stript [?]stripped / stript [?]
strivestrove / strivedstriven / strived
subletsubletsublet
sunburnsunburned / sunburnt [?]sunburned / sunburnt [?]
swearsworesworn
sweatsweat / sweatedsweat / sweated
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen / swelled
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
T
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telecasttelecasttelecast
telltoldtold
test-drivetest-drovetest-driven
test-flytest-flewtest-flown
thinkthoughtthought
thrivethrived / throvethrived / thriven
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrustthrust
treadtrodtrodden / trod
troubleshoottroubleshottroubleshot
typecasttypecasttypecast
typesettypesettypeset
typewritetypewrotetypewritten
U
unbearunboreunborn / unborne
unbendunbentunbent
unbindunboundunbound
unbuildunbuiltunbuilt
unclotheunclothed / unclad [?]unclothed / unclad [?]
underbidunderbidunderbid
underbuyunderboughtunderbought
undercutundercutundercut
underfeedunderfedunderfed
undergounderwentundergone
underlayunderlaidunderlaid
underletunderletunderlet
underlieunderlayunderlain
underrununderranunderrun
undersellundersoldundersold
undershootundershotundershot
underspendunderspentunderspent
understandunderstoodunderstood
undertakeundertookundertaken
underthrustunderthrustunderthrust
underwriteunderwroteunderwritten
undoundidundone
undrawundrewundrawn
unfreezeunfrozeunfrozen
unhangunhungunhung
unhideunhidunhidden
unholdunheldunheld
unknitunknitted / unknitunknitted / unknit
unladeunladedunladen / unladed
unlayunlaidunlaid
unlead  REGULARunleadedunleaded
unlearnunlearned / unlearnt [?]unlearned / unlearnt [?]
unmakeunmadeunmade
unreeveunreeved / unroveunreeved / unrove
unsayunsaidunsaid
unsewunsewedunsewn / unsewed
unslingunslungunslung
unspinunspununspun
unstickunstuckunstuck
unstringunstrungunstrung
unswearunsworeunsworn
unteachuntaughtuntaught
unthinkunthoughtunthought
unweaveunwove / unweavedunwoven / unweaved
unwindunwoundunwound
unwriteunwroteunwritten
upholdupheldupheld
upsetupsetupset
V
vexvexed / vext [?]vexed / vext [?]
W
wakewoke / wakedwoken / waked
waylaywaylaidwaylaid
wearworeworn
weavewove / weavedwoven / weaved
wedwed / weddedwed / wedded
weepweptwept
wetwet / wetted [?]wet / wetted [?]
whet  REGULARwhettedwhetted
winwonwon
windwoundwound
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
withholdwithheldwithheld
withstandwithstoodwithstood
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten
X
No irregular verbs beginning with "X."
Y
No irregular verbs beginning with "Y."
Z
No irregular verbs beginning with "Z."

Irregular Verb Flashcards and Drills

If you want to learn irregular verbs, you need to practice, practice, practice. Below we have created five sets of flashcards as well as simple irregular verb drills to help English learners learn the 100 most common irregular verbs in English.

Irregular Verb Flashcards 1 Irregular Verb Drill 1 | Printable
Irregular Verb Flashcards 2 Irregular Verb Drill 2 | Printable
Irregular Verb Flashcards 3 Irregular Verb Drill 3 | Printable
Irregular Verb Flashcards 4 Irregular Verb Drill 4 | Printable
Irregular Verb Flashcards 5 Irregular Verb Drill 5 | Printable

Common Questions about English Irregular Verbs

What are irregular verbs?

Irregular verbs are verbs which do not follow normal rules for conjugation. For example, the irregular verb be has several unique forms (I am, you are, he is) which are quite different from regular verbs such as cook (I cook, you cook, he cooks).

How many irregular verbs are there in English?

Englishpage.com has conducted an extensive text analysis of over 2,000 novels and resources and we have found 680 irregular verbs so far including prefixed verbs (misunderstand, reread) as well as rare and antiquated forms (colorbreed, bethink).

What are some examples of irregular verbs?

Good examples of irregular verbs include have, understand and draw. Notice that their past forms had, understood and drew are very different from regular verbs, which end with -d or -ed. For more examples, see Englishpage.com's list of irregular verbs.

What are the most common irregular verbs in English?

According to Englishpage.com's text analysis of over 2,000 novels and resources, the most common irregular verbs in English are: be, have, say, do, know, get, see, think, go and take.

Are there big differences in the irregular verb forms used in British English and American English?

While many references show strong differences between British and American English in irregular verb use, Englishpage.com's research shows that there is far more crossover than many of these references might suggest. (Where we did find a real statistical difference, we have listed the British forms in italics.)

Which verb tenses have irregular forms in English?

In English, irregular verb forms occur in simple present and simple past as well as past participles. Remember that past participles are used in many verb forms including: present perfect, past perfect, future perfect, passive forms and past conditional forms.

More about our Irregular Verb Dictionary

For more information about our irregular verb dictionary and our research, click here.
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