Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises.

Present Continuous Forms

The present continuous is formed using am/is/are + present participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and am/is/are. Negatives are made with not.

Complete List of Present Continuous Forms

Present Continuous Uses

USE 1 Now

Use the present continuous with normal verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.


  • You are learning English now.
  • You are not swimming now.
  • Are you sleeping?
  • I am sitting.
  • I am not standing.
  • Is he sitting or standing?
  • They are reading their books.
  • They are not watching television.
  • What are you doing?
  • Why aren't you doing your homework?

USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now

In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the present continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.

Examples: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.)

  • I am studying to become a doctor.
  • I am not studying to become a dentist.
  • I am reading the book Tom Sawyer.
  • I am not reading any books right now.
  • Are you working on any special projects at work?
  • Aren't you teaching at the university now?

USE 3 Near Future

Sometimes, speakers use the present continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future.


  • I am meeting some friends after work.
  • I am not going to the party tonight.
  • Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
  • Isn't he coming with us tonight?

USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with "Always"

The present continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like simple present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."


  • She is always coming to class late.
  • He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.
  • I don't like them because they are always complaining.

Present Continuous Tips

REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs

It is important to remember that non-continuous verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for mixed verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Instead of using present continuous with these verbs, you must use simple present.


  • She is loving this chocolate ice cream. Not Correct
  • She loves this chocolate ice cream. Correct


The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


  • You are still watching TV.
  • Are you still watching TV?



  • Right now, Tom is writing the letter. Active
  • Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. Passive

More About Active / Passive Forms

Present Continuous Exercises

Verb Tense Exercise 1Simple Present and Present Continuous
Verb Tense Exercise 2Simple Present and Present Continuous
Verb Tense Exercise 9Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous
Verb Tense Exercise 10Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous
Verb Tense Exercise 15Tenses with durations
Verb Tense Exercise 16Present and Past Tenses with Non-Continuous Verbs
Verb Tense Exercise 17Present and Past Tense Review
Verb Tense Exercise 24Simple Present, Simple Future, Present Continuous, and Future Continuous
Verb Tense Practice TestCumulative Verb Tense Review
Verb Tense Final TestCumulative Verb Tense Review
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